Un article du quotidien britannique The Guardian (à lire ci-dessous en anglais) nous l'apprend...

Rosie Henderson, une citoyenne résidente des Etats de Guernesey habitant dans les environs de Saint- Pierre-Port a poussé la célèbre clameur de Haro le 14 août 2018 sur un carrefour public non loin de son domicile en présence de deux témoins comme il se doit: la formule rituelle que nous connaissons bien "Haro, haro, haro, mon duc on me fait tort" a été prononcée suivie de la récitation obligatoire de la prière du Notre Père pour rendre la clameur totalement efficiente. Dans le cas présent, nous sommes au coeur même de l'objet d'une clameur de Haro: cette brave citoyenne de Guernesey s'inquiète de la sécurité publique sur son île puisqu'elle dénonce l'étroitesse d'une rue en chantier qui provoque, semble-t-il, des accidents entre piétons et automobilistes...

Visiblement excédée par cette situation, Rosie Henderson a donc utilisé l'arme de dernier recours fournie depuis plus de mille ans par notre droit normand ancestral!

https://www.theguardian.com/uk-news/2018/aug/14/guernsey-resident-halts-road-works-with-ancient-plea

Guernsey resident halts roadworks with ancient plea

7157

Rosie Henderson kneels and cites Clameur de Haro to stop narrowing of road

A woman has activated the ancient Norman rite of Clameur de Haro to protest against the narrowing of a road which she claims would endanger pedestrians and motorists.

Rosie Henderson, from Guernsey, raised the clameur by kneeling and calling for help and reciting the Lord’s Prayer in Norman French. Fully enforceable in Guernsey and Jersey law, it means the construction work in St Peter Port must stop until a court decides the case.

Henderson, a parish councillor, raised the clameur on Tuesday by the roads of Les Échelons and South Esplanade, near the construction site.

The clameur states: “Haro! Haro! Haro! A l’aide, mon prince, on me fait tort”, translated as “Come to my aid, my prince, for someone does me wrong”.

Whoever calls the clameur has 24 hours to register it in court, but whoever it is called against must stop all work immediately.

Legend says the raising of a clameur stretches back to the early Norman period in the Channel Islands and is thought to have been a plea to Rollo, the first Duke of Normandy.

The feudal law dates back to the 10th century as a form of self-policing when there was no law enforcement.

In 2016, plans to overhaul St Peter Port’s sunken gardens, by levelling the site with the street and moving the war memorial, were withdrawn after protesters pledged to use the Clameur de Haro to block the proposals.


 Commentaire de Florestan:

Dans les archives de l'Etoile de Normandie, on se souvient que l'antique clameur se fit aussi entendre à Guernesey en décembre 2016, poussée par un certain Neil Ozanne...

http://normandie.canalblog.com/archives/2017/04/11/35158235.html

Mais revenons à Rosie Henderson: la cour de justice de Guernesey présidé par son bailli a semble-t-il rejeté le 15 août 2018 la clameur poussée la veille si l'on en croit l'article qui suit (en anglais). Nous avons souligné la dernière phrase qui nous rendra Rosie Henderson plutôt sympathique...

http://www.itv.com/news/channel/2018-08-15/woman-performs-ancient-clameur-de-haro-in-guernsey/

Woman's ancient 'Clameur de Haro' rejected by Guernsey court

stream_img

A woman who performed an ancient ‘Clameur de Haro’ in Guernsey yesterday has had her bid rejected.

Rosie Henderson adopted the Norman ritual in an attempt to stop road works at Les Echelons.

Despite her plea, her submission was thrown out due to the land in question being owned by the States.

But how much do you know about this ancient Channel Island law?

  • What is it?

The Clamour de Haro is a form of immediate legal injunction and is used when someone’s possession of land is disturbed or interfered with.

It is described as a cry for justice and involves an aggrieved party, known as the ‘criant’, the alleged ‘wrongdoer’ and two witnesses.

The criant drops to their knees, clasps their hands and, in the presence of two witnesses, declares the Clameur:

“Haro! Haro! Haro! A l’aide mon Prince, on me fait tort”

(“Haro! Haro! Haro! Come to my aide my Prince, I am being wronged”)

Once the Clameur has been raised, the wrongdoer must stop what they are doing until the matter is addressed by the Royal Court.

  • Where does it come from?

The Clameur is a law specific to the Channel Islands.

Before the Channel Islands became a possession of the English Crown in 1066, they were (and still are) part of the Duchy of Normandy.

For this reason, many local laws descend from customary Norman law, dating back around 1,000 years.

Though the majority have since been scrapped, many remain - including the Clameur de Haro.

  • What does it mean today?

Today the Clameur de Haro is rarely used but is still a fully enforceable law in Jersey and Guernsey.

The decision to either accept or deny the Haro is made by the court but has been known to be overruled by the States.

Rosie Henderson says more islanders should exercise their rights through this ancient system...